A healthy, functional, and attractive smile requires teeth that are straight and jaws that are well aligned. While
some people have a naturally well-aligned smile, many seek orthodontic treatment to correct overcrowded teeth, a
gapped smile, or teeth that have drifted out of position due to extractions, harmful oral habits, and abnormal bite
patterns. In some cases, orthodontic treatment goes beyond moving the teeth into their correct positions.
Orthodontic care can also address the cosmetic and functional problems associated with skeletal discrepancies
between the upper and lower jaws.
Orthodontic treatment utilizes customized appliances to apply controlled, incremental forces that gently move the
teeth into proper alignment. While conventional metal braces were once the only option in care, patients today have
several choices. Thanks to advances in technology and innovations in care, a wider selection of treatment systems is
available. These days, orthodontic appliances are far less bulky, much less noticeable, and more comfortable than
earlier generations of braces.
The type of orthodontic treatment and the length of time a patient undergoes care varies, depending on the nature of
the case. Orthodontic treatment ranges from the minor movement of a single tooth to the alignment of an entire bite.
Although certain corrections can be achieved in a few months, more extensive ones can take a couple of years.
At the office of San Marcos Family Dental, we understand all aspects of oral health and the cosmetic requirements of a
beautiful smile. We’re passionate about what we do and remain dedicated to helping every patient enjoy the benefit
of a great looking and healthy smile. We offer a comprehensive selection of dental services to help both adults and
children improve the alignment, appearance, and health, of their smiles.
The Importance Of A Well-Aligned Smile
There’s more to a straight smile than the sheer beauty of it. Well-aligned teeth support good oral health, optimal
jaw function, and contribute to your overall well-being. Although every smile is different, the potential
consequences of teeth that are either overcrowded, have spaces between them, have shifted, or don’t come together in
an ideal way remain the same.
Here are some reasons why a well-aligned smile is more than just an attractive asset:
Straight teeth are easier to keep clean. Simply put, it’s easier to brush and floss your teeth. With fewer inaccessible nooks and crannies for food to get trapped, your risk of tooth decay and gum disease is lower.
Teeth that meet correctly and are not crowded, stick out, or protrude, are protected, as they should be by the lips and soft tissues surrounding the mouth. They are less vulnerable to trauma, getting “knocked out” or damaging fractures.
Straight teeth make all manner of oral function easier. The result is that you can bite into your food, chew, and speak, without difficulty or impediment.
Teeth and jaws that are well-aligned mean less wear on the teeth. When teeth don’t line up or meet as they should, they often exhibit uneven and excessive areas of wear.
A good bite supports temporomandibular joint health and function. A less than ideal occlusion can affect your oral function and comfort. TMJ disorders are associated with a wide range of problems, including headaches, jaw pain, difficulty opening and closing your mouth, as well as other types of head and neck pain.
With good oral health and well-being mutually dependent upon each other, a well-aligned smile is essential to overall wellness.
What Type Of Braces Are Right For Your Smile?
At the office of San Marcos Family Dental, we provide integrated care to help children and adults enjoy the benefits a
well-aligned, beautiful, and healthy smiles. Whether your visit to our practice is for a dental checkup or
consultation visit, we’ll assess the look, health, and function of your smile and advise you if orthodontic
treatment is right for your smile.
We also keep a very close watch on your child’s developing smile and will let you know the best time for an
orthodontic consultation and care. From checking the emergence of the baby teeth, jaw development, and oral habits
to the premature loss of a baby tooth and the eruption and alignment of the permanent teeth, we carefully monitor
your child’s smile as they grow.
Even though the best time to begin care is as a growing child, the truth is that one is never too old for
orthodontic treatment. Today more and more adults choose orthodontic care with successful, healthy, and satisfying
However, with all the choices in types of braces and systems of care marketed today, it can often feel confusing
which approach is best. Whether or not fixed, conventional braces, aligners, removable appliances, or other care
offer the best way to achieve optimal and timely results depends on several factors.
Which type of braces provide an effective approach for achieving healthy, attractive, and stable results
depends on several factors, including:
The severity of the malocclusion or bite problem
The degree of crowding or spacing of the teeth
If dental extractions are required
The relationship between the upper and lower jaws
How long appliances are needed
If any additional, supportive appliances are required
Patient compliance with oral hygiene, appliance maintenance, and wear
Innovations And Advances in Care
As orthodontic treatment has become more widely available, and the appearance of braces has improved, the number of
people getting orthodontic treatment has skyrocketed. Over four million people in the United States alone wear
orthodontic braces, with 27% of this number being adults.
In the past few decades, advances in care have facilitated more precise treatment planning with appliances that are
less bulky, more efficient, and increasingly cosmetic.
Some of the most notable innovations in care include the following:
Smaller and streamlined bracket metal bracket design
Clear, cosmetic brackets
3-D Imaging with CBCT
Intraoral Scanners and 3-D Planning Software
Temporary Anchorage Devices (TADs
Orthodontic Treatment With Clear Aligners
Since their arrival on the scene over two decades ago, clear aligners have revolutionized the delivery of
orthodontic care. Continuing to soar in popularity, this innovative method of care offers many patients a more
discreet, comfortable, and convenient solution for improving the alignment of their smiles.
Treatment that’s virtually invisible to the outside world
Custom-made to the exact specifications of a patient’s smile, clear aligners are designed to gently and
incrementally move the teeth into their correct positions. As patients swap out one aligner for the next one in the
prescribed series, they’re able to witness progressive improvements in their smiles. Best of all, with treatment
that is virtually invisible to the outside world, no one but the patient knows they are undergoing orthodontic care.
Now that orthodontic care has entered the age of aligners, more patients are deciding it’s time to straighten their
By transforming smiles with minimal interference to daily activities, clear aligners allow patients to enjoy eating
all of their favorite foods and engage in recreational activities without the fear of breaking their orthodontic
appliances or sharp poking wires. Moreover, as the aligners are completely removable, there’s no need to struggle to
brush and floss in between orthodontic brackets and wires.
While clear aligner therapy is a solution for every type of malocclusion, orthodontic treatment with this innovative
method of care offers an excellent option for many image-conscious teens and adults.
At the office of San Marcos Family Dental, we maintain a position at the forefront of advances in care to provide patients
with the highest quality services. Whether you are a candidate for treatment with clear aligners, or another method
of orthodontic care, we’ll help you achieve a well-aligned and attractive smile.
Orthodontic treatment for children
While some children require early intervention or an initial phase of care, most youngsters begin orthodontic
treatment between the ages of 9 and 14. At this time, they are generally in the mid to late mixed dentition stage.
This means they have a mix of permanent front teeth, permanent molars, and some baby teeth.
The benefit of placing braces at this stage is that the orthodontist can improve the alignment of permanent front
teeth, guide the incoming new adult teeth into position, and utilize the child’s growth and development to the best
Braces are generally worn for one to three years with an average treatment time of two years. If a child requires a
space maintainer, habit control therapy, or exhibits significant jaw disharmony, treatment may begin earlier.
After orthodontic appliances are removed retainers are worn for a period of time to stabilize and maintain the
For adults seeking orthodontic care
With the wide variety of orthodontic treatment options available to adults, the process of wearing braces is more
convenient, more comfortable, more efficient, and much less conspicuous than ever before. Bulky metal braces are
truly a thing of the past. The latest generations of metal appliances are substantially smaller and less unsightly
than their predecessors. Moreover, an adult interested in orthodontic care can select braces that are hardly visible
at all. Today’s tooth-colored ceramic braces, lingual braces, or removable clear aligners can all effectively
deliver treatment to achieve successful and pleasing outcomes of care.
For adults seeking orthodontic care, it’s essential to keep in mind that achieving a successful outcome relies on
healthy teeth and supporting bone. Adults seeking treatment sometimes exhibit the damaging consequences of
uncorrected bites and poorly aligned teeth. Because their teeth are so jumbled and hard to clean, they may have
extensive dental decay, display signs of gum disease, exhibit bone loss, or even had extractions. They may also
suffer from worn-down teeth or TMJ joint dysfunction.
While it’s critical to address outstanding dental issues before the start of orthodontic care, it’s also important
to continue maintaining the health of the teeth and surrounding tissues both during and following treatment.
Although adult orthodontics requires an investment of time and resources, the payoff is well worth it. The value of
a healthy and attractive smile is priceless. Thanks to modern orthodontics, having teeth that look good and function
well is something that can be enjoyed at any age.
Maintaining A Beautiful Smile
Everyone who has worn orthodontic appliances can attest that the day their braces or appliances are removed is a
happy and gratifying time. Achieving a beautiful, well-aligned, and functional smile is the ultimate reward for
having made a commitment to orthodontic care.
Almost every individual who has undergone orthodontic care will need to wear some type of retainer for a prescribed
period of time. Retainers help to protect the teeth from relapse.
One of the reasons retainers are needed is because the teeth have a tendency to move back towards their original
positions. The delicate fibers connecting the teeth to the jawbones have elastic memory. Once orthodontic appliances
are removed, these fibers want to rebound to their natural positions and move the teeth out of their new alignment.
Wearing retainers allow these fibers to reorganize in their new positions and to reset their memory.
Retainers are also extremely important because the teeth are part of a complex masticatory system and subject to
forces that cannot always be predicted or controlled. Even after orthodontic treatment, any number of things such as
tongue or lips postures, unfavorable growth of the jaws, oral habits, and periodontal problems can disrupt teeth
Remember, the benefits of orthodontic treatment can last a lifetime. Committing to wearing retainers is the best way
to preserve your smile and to keep your teeth as straight and beautiful as the day your braces were removed.
+When should my child get evaluated for orthodontic
Most parents wonder when is the best time to have their child evaluated for braces. One common
misconception regarding orthodontic treatment for children is to wait until all of the permanent
teeth (with the exception of the wisdom teeth) are present. This belief is not the case. Most
problems involving the alignment of your child’s teeth and jaw growth are identifiable by the time
your little one is in the first or second grade. That is why the American Association of
Orthodontists recommends that all children have a checkup with an orthodontic specialist no later
than age 7.
+How long do you have to wear braces?
It is important to keep in mind that aligning the teeth and the jaws does not happen overnight.
Whether you are wearing conventional braces, clear aligners, or any other type of appliance,
orthodontic movement is a gradual process. Orthodontic tooth movement is based on the use light and
continuous forces to correct your bite in an incremental, predictable, and healthy manner.
The total duration of orthodontic care, not including wearing retainers to maintain the result,
depends on a number of factors. Treatment time can be influenced by such factors as growth as well
as your compliance with care. On average comprehensive orthodontic care to correct a malocclusion
can take anywhere between 18-36 months. Orthodontic treatment for more limited problems with tooth
alignment typically ranges from 6 to 18 months.
+How often do you need to be seen after your braces are
Because orthodontic movement takes time, most appointments after the initial placement of appliances
are scheduled approximately four to eight weeks apart. This interval gives your teeth time to move
at both a steady and healthy pace. However, there may be situations where more frequent visits to
evaluate the status of your case, tooth movement, or to have a special adjustment are required.
+Can adults wear braces?
Empowered by the knowledge that one is never too old to have orthodontic care, greater numbers of
adults are actively seeking treatment for either crooked teeth or jaw problems, as well as to
address teeth that have shifted over time due to extractions, habits, or abnormal bite patterns.
Teeth can be moved at any age. Orthodontic treatment as an adult can completely transform an
imperfect and poorly aligned smile into one that is attractive and functions well. However,
initiating orthodontic care and achieving a successful outcome relies on the presence of healthy
teeth and supporting bone. For these reasons, it is important for adult patients to address any
outstanding dental problems before their appliances are placed and to be diligent in maintaining
their oral health throughout care.
+How much do braces cost, and does dental insurance
Enjoying the benefits of a well-aligned smile often means investing in orthodontic care. With that
said, the cost of treatment can vary. It all depends on the extent and type of treatment required to
align the teeth and correct the malocclusion. Many dental insurance plans provide some coverage for
orthodontic treatment for children under the age of 18 years. To help with any out-of-pocket
expenses or to cover the entire cost of care in the absence of dental insurance benefits for
treatment, payment plans and financing are available.